Examen de ciudadanía en inglés

Univision.com* | Nov 06, 2008 | 7:28 PM

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El servicio de inmigración estadounidense puso en vigor este 1 de octubre un nuevo examen de ciudadanía, que deberán tomar quienes pidan la naturalización a partir de esta fecha. Quienes enviaron el Formulario N-400 antes, serán examinados con el antiguo modelo Univision Online publica esta versión en idioma inglés por solicitud de nuestros usuarios.
1. What is the supreme law of the land?A: The Constitution
2. What does the Constitution do?A: It sets up the government.A: It protects basic rights of Americans.
3. What does “We the People” mean in the Constitution?A: The power of government comes from the people.
4. What do we call changes to the Constitution?A: Amendments
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?A: The Bill of Rights
6. Name one right or freedom from the First Amendment.A: SpeechA: ReligionA: AssemblyA: PressA: Petition the government
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?A: Twenty-seven (27)
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?A: Announce the independence of the United States from Great BritainA: Say that the U.S. is free from Great Britain
9. Name one important idea found in the Declaration of Independence.A: People are born with natural rights.A: The power of government comes from the people.A: The people can change their government if it hurts their natural rights.A: All people are created equal.
10. What does freedom of religion mean?A: You can practice any religion you want, or not practice at all. 11. What type of economic system does the U.S. have?A: Capitalist economyA: Free marketA: Market economy
12. What is the "rule of law"?A: Everyone must obey the law.A: Leaders must obey the law.A: Government must obey the law.
13. Name one branch or part of the government.A: CongressA: LegislativeA: PresidentA: ExecutiveA: The courtsA: Judicial
14. What would stop one of the branches of government to assume all the control or become extremely powerful?A: Revisions, permanent monitoringA: Separations of powers (branches of government).
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?A: The President
16. Who makes federal laws?A: CongressA: The Senate and House (of Representatives)A: The (U.S. or national) legislature
17. What are the two parts of the United States Congress?A: The Senate and House (of Representatives) 18. How many United States Senators are there?A: 100
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?A: Six (6)
20. Name your state's two U.S. Senators.A: Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that DC (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]
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21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?A: 435
22. How many U.S. Senators does each state have?A: Two (2)
23. Name your U.S. Representative.A: Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting delegates or resident commissioners may provide the name of that representative or commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress.]
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?A: All citizens in that Senator's state
25. What decides each state's number of U.S. Representatives?A: The state's population
26. We elect a President for how many years?A: Four (4) years
27. Who is the President now?A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)
28. What is the name of the President of the United States?A: [Current president] (as of November 20, 2006, George W. Bush)A: (President) George W. BushA: George BushA: Bush
29. Who is the Vice President now?A: [Current vice president] (as of November 20, 2006- Richard (Dick) Cheney)A: Dick CheneyA: Cheney
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?A: The Vice President
31. Who becomes President if both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve?A: The Speaker of the House32. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the military?A: The President
33. Who signs bills to become laws?A: The President
34. What is a veto?A: The President refuses to sign a bill passed by Congress.A: The President says no to a bill.A: The President rejects a bill.
35. What does the President's Cabinet do?A: Advises the President
36. Name two Cabinet-level positions.A: Secretary of AgricultureA: Secretary of CommerceA: Secretary of DefenseA: Secretary of EducationA: Secretary of EnergyA: Secretary of Health and Human ServicesA: Secretary of Homeland SecurityA: Secretary of Housing and Urban DevelopmentA: Secretary of InteriorA: Secretary of StateA: Secretary of TransportationA: Secretary of TreasuryA: Secretary of Veterans' AffairsA: Attorney General
37. What does the judicial branch do?A: Reviews and explains lawsA: Resolves disputes between partiesA: Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38. What is the highest court in the U.S.?A: The Supreme Court
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?A: Nine (9)
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41. Name one thing only the federal government can do.A: Print moneyA: Declare warA: Create an armyA: Make treaties
42. What is one thing only a state government can do?A: Provide schooling and educationA: Provide protection (police)A: Provide safety (fire departments)A: Give a driver's licenseA: Approve zoning and land use
43. Who is the Governor of your state?A: Answers will vary.[District of Columbia and U.S. Territory residents would answer that they do not have a state governor or that they do not live in a state. Mentioning the governor of the territory for Guam is acceptable. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
44. What is the capital (or capital city) of your state?A: Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents would answer that DC is not a state, and that therefore it does not have a capital. Any answer that mentions one of these facts is acceptable.]
45. What are the two major political parties in the U.S. today?A: Democrats and Republicans
46. What is the political party of the President now?A: RepublicansA: Republican Party
47. Who is the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?A: Nancy Pelosi (D-California)

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48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.A: Any citizen over 18 can vote.A: A citizen of any race can vote.A: Any male or female citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)A: You don't have to pay to vote. (You don't have to pay a poll tax to vote.)
49. Name one responsibility that is only for United States citizens.A: VoteA: Serve on a jury
50. Name two rights that are only for United States citizens.A: The right to apply for a federal jobA: The right to voteA:  The right to run for office
51. Name two rights of everyone living in the U.S.A: Freedom of expressionA: Freedom of speechA: Freedom of assemblyA: Freedom to petition the governmentA: Freedom of worshipA: The right to bear arms
52. What is the Pledge of Allegiance?A: The promise of loyalty to the flag and the nation
53. Name one promise you make when you say the Oath of Allegiance.A: To give up loyalty to other countries (I give up loyalty to my [old][first][other] country.)A: To defend the Constitution and laws of the United StatesA: To obey the laws of the United StatesA: To serve in the United States military if needed (To fight for the United States [if needed].)A: To serve the nation if needed (To do important work for the United States [if needed].)A: To be loyal to the United States
54. Who can vote in the U.S.?A: All citizens over 18A: All registered citizens over 18
55. Name two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy.A: VoteA: Join a political partyA: Help out with a campaignA: Join a civic groupA: Join a community groupA: Tell an elected official your opinion on an issue.A: Call your Senators and RepresentativesA: Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?A: By April 15th of every yearA: By April 15thA: April 15
57. When must all males register for the Selective Service?A: At age 18A: At 18
58. Name one reason why the colonists came to America?A: FreedomA: Political libertyA: Religious freedomA: Economic opportunityA: To practice their religionA: To escape persecution
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?A: The Native AmericansA: American Indians
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?A: AfricansA: People from Africa
61. Why were the colonists upset with the British government?A: Stamp ActA: They had to pay high taxes but did not have any say about it. (Taxation without representation.)A: The British army stayed in their houses. (boarding, quartering)A: Intolerable Acts
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?A: Thomas Jefferson
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?A: July 4, 1776
64. There are 13 original states. Name three.A: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Virginia.
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?A: The Constitution was written.A: The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66. When was the Constitution drafted?A: 1787A: Run for officeA: Write to a newspaper

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67. Name one of the writers of the Federalist Papers?A: James MadisonA: Alexander HamiltonA: John Jay
68. Name one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for.A: U.S. diplomatA: Oldest member of the Constitutional ConventionA: First Postmaster General of the United StatesA: Writer of “Poor Richard's Almanac”
69. Who is called the "Father of Our Country"?A: George Washington
70. Who was the first President?A: George Washington
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?A: The Louisiana TerritoryA: Louisiana
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.A: War of 1812, Mexican American War, Civil War, or Spanish-American War.
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.A: The Civil War
74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.A: SlaveryA: Economic reasonsA: States' rights
75. Name one of the things that Abraham Lincoln did.A: Saved (or preserved) the Union.A: Freed the slavesA: Led the U.S. during the Civil War.
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?A: Freed slaves in the ConfederacyA: Freed slaves in the Confederate statesA: Freed slaves in most Southern states
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?A: She fought for women's rights.
78. Name one war fought in the United States in the 1900s.A: World War I, World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War, or Gulf (or Persian Gulf) War
79. Who was President during World War I?A: Woodrow Wilson
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?A: Franklin Roosevelt
81. The United States fought Japan, Germany, and Italy during which war?A: World War II
82. Which U.S. World War II general later became President?A: Dwight Eisenhower
83. What was the main concern of the United States during the Cold War?A: The spread of communismA: The Soviet Union [USSR and Russia are also acceptable.]

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84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?A: The civil rights movement
85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?A: He fought for civil rights.A: He strove for (worked for, fought for) equality for all Americans.
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?A: Terrorists attacked The United States.
87. Name one of the major American Indian tribes in the United States.A: Cherokee, Seminoles, Creek, Choctaw, Arawak, Iroquois, Shawnee, Mohegan, Chippewa, Huron, Oneida, Sioux, Cheyenne, Lakotas, Crows, Blackfeet, Teton, Navajo, Apaches, Pueblo, Hopi, Inuit.
88. What is the longest river in the United States?A: The Mississippi River
89. What ocean is on the west coast of the United States?A: The Pacific Ocean
90. What ocean is on the east coast of the United States?A: The Atlantic Ocean
91. Name one U.S. territory.A: American SamoaA: The Commonwealth of Northern Mariana IslandsA: GuamA: Puerto RicoA: U.S. Virgin Islands
92. Name one state that borders Canada.A: Alaska, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, or Washington
93. Name one state that borders on Mexico.A: Arizona, California, New Mexico, or Texas
94. What is the capital of the U.S.?A: Washington, D.C.
95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?A: New York HarborA: Liberty Island[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]
96. Why do we have 13 stripes on the flag?A: Because there were 13 original coloniesA: Because the stripes represent the original colonies
97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?A: There is one star for each state.A: Each star represents a state.A: There are 50 states.
98. What is the name of the National Anthem?A: The “Star-Spangled Banner”
99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?A: July 4
100. Name two national U.S. holidays.A: New Year's DayA: Martin Luther King DayA: Presidents' DayA: Memorial DayA: Independence DayA: Labor DayA: Columbus DayA: Veterans DayA: ThanksgivingA: Christmas
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